Rectangular

Square

Round

Triangular

 Description

The architectural integration of photovoltaic modules in new construction, makes possible the creation of glazed surfaces which, besides being an aesthetic and functional innovation, generate electricity, improving thermal and acoustic insulation of buildings, also allowing the realization of a solar control and electric range with consequent energy savings.

 

Solar Innova offers products and appropriate solutions to customer needs and incorporates the design concept in solar energy, providing architects and engineers the ability to play with the aesthetics of the building and the PV system.

 

Photovoltaic laminated glass are a range of active glasses technology have the ability to generate electricity and can be applied to architectural systems for new buildings or renovations in multiple glazings.

 

Moreover, the properties offered by photovoltaic laminated glass, can provide all the security properties required in terms of safety concern.

 

Cell Structure

For the choice of high quality crystals available sizes, formats and styles varied: from the glass/Tedlar combination to models with insulating glass or even soundproof glass.

 

The cell is opaque but gaps exist on the glass including the local leak that allow light, the amount of light passing through the module will depend on the separation of cells and their arrangement.

 

In this type of modules is possible to identify the cells, making them suitable for locations where aesthetic result accept this type of arrangement.

Sizes

Solar Innova provides a wide range of sizes:

 

  • The minimum dimensions are 300 x 300 mm.

  • The maximum dimensions for rectangular modules are 2.800 x 2.100 mm.

 

Solar factor (g)

To determine the termal transmittance of the facade one of the parameters that must be considered is the solar factor wiht a normal incedence of semitransparent parts thereof (usually glass windows and rooflights).

 

This parameter is defined as the ratio between the total energy entering the home through the glazing and the total perpendicular energy incident on its outer surface.

 

Total energy incoming the local through the glazing is the sum of the transmitted energy and energy absorbed by the glass and then transmitted inside the local by convection.

 

Solar factor (g): (B+C)/A
A: 100% solar energy flow of incident
B: % solar energy flow transmitted directly into the building
C: % solar energy flow absorbed by the glass and send into the building
D: % solar energy flow reflected by impinging on glass
E: % solar energy flow absorbed by the glass and send outside the building

 

It is represented with the letter g and its value is between 0 and 1. The method of calculation is described in ISO 15099:2003 standard.

 

When smaller is the solar factor, a larger fraction of incident solar energy is reflected by the glass outside favoring a decrease in energy demand for cooling. Glasses which have lower solar factor values are called low emissive.

 

The power module according to the desired transmittance is:

  • 5 % transmittance = 160 W/m2

  • 10 % transmittance = 150 W/m2

  • 20 % transmittance = 140 W/m2

  • 25 % transmittance = 130 W/m2

  • 30 % transmittance = 120 W/m2

  • 35 % transmittance = 110 W/m2

  • 40 % transmittance = 100 W/m2

  • 50 % transmittance = 90 W/m2

Heat transfer coefficient (U)

The "U" thermal transmittance coefficient is the measurement unit for determining the loss of heat in a building element.

 

It expresses the quantity of heat which crosses a square meter of a building element per second for a difference of temperarure of 1º C between internal and external air.

 

When the value is lower, thermal insulation is higher.

 

Typical values vary between 6 W/m2K for a simple glass window to 1 W/m2K for a double glazed low emission window.

 

Winter nighttime U-values are calculated using the following conditions:

  • Outdoor air temperature of 0º F (-17.8º C).

  • Indoor air temperature of 70º F (21º C).

  • Outdoor air velocity of 15 mph (6.7 m/s).

  • Indoor air velocity of 0 mph (0 m/s).

  • Solar intensity of 0 BTU/hour/square foot (0 W/m2).

 

Summer daytime U-values are calculated using the following conditions:

  • Outdoor air temperature of 89º F (32º C).

  • Indoor air temperature of 75º F (24º C).

  • Outdoor air velocity of 7.5 mph (3.4 m/s).

  • Indoor air velocity of 0 mph (0 m/s).

  • Solar intensity of 248 BTU/hour/square foot (783 W/m2).

 

 Formats

Solar Innova provides a wide range of shapes: rectangular, square, round, triangular, trapezoidal or any other.

 

Besides having a wide range of common formats can make special formats, allowing the realization of buildings with very sophisticated design.

 

The standard composition of the photovoltaic module is:

  • Front: extra-white glass tempered safety glass with polished edge

  • Encapsulant: EVA or PVB

  • PV Cells

  • Rear: colorless tempered safety glass with polished edge

 

These PV modules are suitable for installation in any conventional facade system, thus fixing the four sides as buttoned punctual fixation systems.

 

Possible finishes modules are also multiple:

  • Serigraph as architectural design on back, front or both glass.

  • Different sizes of front and rear glass as architectural specifications.

  • Transparency of the module according to degree of sun protection and light transmission required. You can play with the distance between cells and the type of finish or back glass.

  • Background colored module, matte or simile acid, etc. Both encapsulants (EVA or PVB) of translucent color and with vitreous enamel rather dull can you get different effects in the background of the module.

  • Different cells, poly or mono-crystalline or semi-perforated cells offer interesting architectural design options.

  • Design as glass chamber for better thermal performance.

  • Design with the possibility of acoustic insulation.

  • Design to improve performance in areas of heavy weather.

 

Under mounting system required the necessary mechanical treatment is carried out, for example the appropriate holes for fastening with a buttoned system.

 

Monocrystalline

  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-32-1000x1000mm-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-32-1000x1000mm-1
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  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-36-triangular-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-36-triangular-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-36-triangular-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-36-triangular-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-38-1000x1000mm-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-38-1000x1000mm-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-38-1000x1000mm-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-38-1000x1000mm-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-1-cuadrado-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-1-cuadrado-blanco
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-amarillosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-amarillo
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-azulsi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-azul
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  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-grissi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-gris
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-naranjasi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-naranja
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-verdesi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-12-rectangular-verde
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-30-1000x2000-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-30-1000x2000-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-30-1000x2000-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-30-1000x2000-2
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  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-32-1996x1274x18mm-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-32-1996x1274x18mm-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-36-triangular-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-36-triangular-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-36-triangular-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-36-triangular-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-4-cuadrado-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-4-cuadrado-blanco
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-40-1570x899mm-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-40-1570x899mm-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-40-1570x899mm-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-40-1570x899mm-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-amarillosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-amarillo
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-azulsi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-azul
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-blanco
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-grissi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-gris
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-naranjasi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-naranja
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-verdesi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-6-rectangular-verde
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-9-rectangular-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m156-9-rectangular-blanco

 

Polycrystalline

  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-32-1000x1000mm-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-32-1000x1000mm-1
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  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-redondo-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-redondo-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-redondo-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-redondo-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-triangular-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-triangular-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-triangular-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-36-triangular-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-38-1000x1000mm-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-38-1000x1000mm-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-38-1000x1000mm-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p125-38-1000x1000mm-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-1-cuadrado-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-1-cuadrado-blanco
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-amarillosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-amarillo
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-azulsi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-azul
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-blanco
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-grissi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-gris
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-naranjasi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-naranja
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-verdesi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-12-rectangular-verde
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-30-1000x2000-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-30-1000x2000-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-30-1000x2000-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-30-1000x2000-2
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  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-30-2000x1000-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-30-2000x1000-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-36-triangular-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-36-triangular-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-36-triangular-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-36-triangular-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-4-cuadrado-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-4-cuadrado-blanco
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-40-1570x899mm-1si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-40-1570x899mm-1
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-40-1570x899mm-2si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-40-1570x899mm-2
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-amarillosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-amarillo
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-azulsi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-azul
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-blanco
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-grissi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-gris
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-naranjasi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-naranja
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-verdesi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-6-rectangular-verde
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-9-rectangular-blancosi-esf-m-bipv-gg-p156-9-rectangular-blanco

 

 Types

Glass / Glass

The BIPV glass/glass PV modules are made of two sheets of tempered glass at its peak including photovoltaic solar cells allowing access of light depends on the distance between each of the cells are encapsulated. In accordance with EN 14449:2005 can be called "Laminated Safety Glass". The encapsulant material is EVA (Ethyl Vinyl Acetate) or PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral) material traditionally used for laminated safety glass for its advantages in robustness.

 

 

 

Components

          

1: Glass
2: EVA or PVB
3: Cells
4: EVA or PVB
5: Glass
6: EVA or PVB (optional)
7: Glass (optional)

Type 1 (Ug = 5,3 Wm2K)

Type 2 (Ug = 5,3 Wm2K)

Type 3 (Ug = 5 Wm2K)

Type 4 (Ug = 5 Wm2K)

 

  •  si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-32-1000x1000mm si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-32-1000x1000mm
  • 0404
  • 11
  • 33
  • 75632_365994163475631_542132684_n75632_365994163475631_542132684_n
  • PV_ModulPV_Modul
  • si-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-thicknesssi-esf-m-bipv-gg-m125-thickness
  • v-v-polyv-v-poly

Glass / Glass / Thermal Insulation

The modules are designed with thermal insulation for use in the exterior of buildings. They have a semi-transparent glass-glass arrangement, formed by monocrystalline or polycrystalline cells with a structure of tempered glass and an encapsulated by EVA (Ethyl Vinyl Acetate) or PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral). The front consists of a highly transparent glass, which ensures a high pathlength. The intermediate part is composed of a chamber filled with an inert gas that provides high thermal insulation. The back is composed of a sheet of insulating glass in conjunction with a "warm" safety glass with a layer of low thermal transmission.

 

Components

          

1: Glass
2: EVA or PVB
3: Cells
4: EVA or PVB
5: Glass
6: Chamber with Air or Argon gas
7: Glass
8: EVA or PVB (optional)
9: Glass (optional)

Type 1 (Ug = 2,5 Wm2K)

Type 2 (Ug = 2,5 Wm2K)

Type 3 (Ug = 2,4 Wm2K)

Type 4 (Ug = 2,4 Wm2K)

 

  • 001001
  • 002002
  • 003003

Glass / Glass / Acoustic Insulation

The modules are designed with acoustic insulation for use in the exterior of buildings. They have a semi-transparent glass-glass arrangement, formed by monocrystalline or polycrystalline cells with a structure of tempered glass and an encapsulated by EVA (Ethyl Vinyl Acetate) or PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral). The front consists of a highly transparent glass, which ensures a high pathlength. The intermediate part is composed of two chambers filled with an inert gas that provides high thermal insulation. The back is composed of a sheet of insulating glass in conjunction with a "warm" safety glass and also with two layers of low thermal and acoustic transmission.

 

Suitable for walls and facades with needs for sound insulation. Sound absorption is related to the thickness of the glass sheet, in a range of 38 to 40 dB, or even higher.

 

For the protection of walls that move from north to south modules may include double-sided cells, which convert light into electricity on both sides, getting an increase in the energy of the system.

Components

          

1: Glass
2: EVA or PVB
3: Cells
4: EVA or PVB
5: Glass
6: Chamber with Air or Argon gas
7: Glass
8: Chamber with Air or Argon gas
9: Glass
10: EVA or PVB (optional)
11: Glass (optional)

Type 1 (Ug = 0,7 g Wm2K)

Type 2 (Ug = 0,7 Wm2K)

Type 3 (Ug = 0,7 Wm2K)

Type 4 (Ug = 0,7 Wm2K)

 

  • 002002
  • 003003

 Materials

Solar Innova uses the latest materials to manufacture photovoltaic modules:

 

Front Glass

The front of the module contains a tempered solar glass with high transparency with high transmissivity, low reflectivity and low iron content.

 

The glass forms the front end of photovoltaic module and protects components housed within the laminate from the weather and mechanical stresses.

 

At the same time serves as carrier material in the lamination process.

 

A high transmittance increases the efficiency of the photovoltaic cells and thus has a direct influence on the potency and performance of the final module. A low iron content in the glass composition and an antireflection coating to reduce absorption of radiant energy.

 

The glass of the modules Solar Innova achieve excellent resistance against mechanical stress and temperature changes due to the preload of the manufacturer.

 

Laminated Glass

Laminate/baking glass baking is a type of safety glass that holds together when it breaks so is normally used when there is a possibility of human impact or where the glass could fall shattered. In the case of breakage, it is held in place by an intermediate layer, typically EVA (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) or PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral), between two or more layers of glass. The intermediate layer holds the glass layers bonded even when broken, high strength and prevents the glass breaks into large sharp pieces. This produces a "spider web" cracking pattern feature when the impact is not enough to completely pierce the glass.

 

Skylights glass and car windshields typically use this type of laminate/baking glass. In geographical areas requiring building resistant to hurricanes, it is often used this type of laminate / glass baking in the exterior windows, curtain walls and windows. The intermediate layer of EVA (Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) or PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral) also gives the glass a much higher classification as regards sound insulation due to the damping effect, and also blocks 99% of incoming UV radiation.

 

The thickness of the integrated crystals depend on the type of construction, as well as legislation to comply in the implantation site.

 

The glass thickness can be chosen in the range of 2.5 to 10 mm.

Top Encapsulant

EVA (Ethyl Vinyl Acetate)

The sheets of EVA (Ethyl Vinyl Acetate) are used to connect the solar cells through the lamination process with glass surface. This step provides the "encapsulated" solar module that is responsible for holding together the photovoltaic module and have a decisive bearing on life. The degree of chained EVA sheet after the lamination process is decisive for the quality indicator of the solar module.

 

An EVA sheet must guarantee insulation and protective effect throughout the life of the module. The films of poor quality can cause long-term discoloration, delamination or decomposition and, therefore, strongly impair the performance capability of the module in question. Solar Innova uses only high quality sheet of chains with a degree exceeding 85 %, thus providing long lasting protection of cells.

PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral)

The sheets of PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral) are used to connect the solar cells through the lamination process with glass surface. This step provides the "encapsulated" solar module that is responsible for holding together the photovoltaic module and have a decisive bearing on life. The degree of chained PVB sheet after the lamination process is decisive for the quality indicator of the solar module.

 

An PVB sheet must guarantee insulation and protective effect throughout the life of the module. The films of poor quality can cause long-term discoloration, delamination or decomposition and, therefore, strongly impair the performance capability of the module in question. Solar Innova uses only high quality sheet of chains with a degree exceeding 85 %, thus providing long lasting protection of cells.

 

The PVB used as encapsulant meets the highest security requirements against breakage resistance offering a break of more than 20 N/mm2.

Ribbon

Welding ribbon is specially designed for manufacturing solar panels product. It is used for electrical connections between solar photovoltaics.

 

It is made with a flat copper tape, coated with a thin layer of tin (414-600 microinches) on all sides. Tin copper confers protection against oxidation and provides a layer for easy welding.

 

The welding of the cells is performed by a combination of heat and pressure welding the longitudinal straps. The tape reaches the factory coils are placed in the automatic welding machines.

 

The solder coating on the ribbon interconnect provides 100% of that needed to form a reliable metallurgical bond at the top of the welding cells.

Cells

The final appearance of the module is directly related to the cells used for realization. The wide range of colors and shapes of the cells allows great freedom for architects in the individual design of the building.

 

The Solar Innova module will meet the functional and aesthetic goals made by a conventional glazing as they require no maintenance.

 

To individualize the most of every building, Solar Innova has the widest range of cells with different structures, sizes, colors and efficiencies.

 

The selection and distribution of photovoltaic cells is flexible and is made according to customer order. They are custom made according to customer order and adaptable to a wide range of design specifications.

 

The design of the electrical characteristics of the module is made according to customer specifications. These characteristics depend basically on the type of photovoltaic cells available, quantity, distribution and interconnection.

 

BIFACIAL MONOCRYSTALLINE 125 MM/5”

  • COLOR: Black

  • EFFICIENCY: 13.8 ~ 16% (front surface), 9.5 ~ 12% (back surface)

  • POWER: 2.05 ~ 2.38 Wp (front surface), 1.41 ~ 1.78 Wp (back surface)

  • DESCRIPTION: Bifacial cell allows efficient use of front and rear side of module for electricity generation. It produces from 10% to 50 % more energy in comparison with same size single face BIPV module. It is suitable to use in vertical installation and sound insulation units.

MONOCRYSTALLINE 125 MM/5”

  • COLOR: Black

  • EFFICIENCY: 15 ~ 19%

  • POWER: 2.23 ~ 2.83 Wp

  • DESCRIPTION: Has a uniform color, it fits the aesthetic in architecture design.

MONOCRYSTALLINE 156 MM/6”

  • COLOR: Black

  • EFFICIENCY: 16 ~ 17%

  • POWER: 3.78 ~ 4.14 Wp

  • DESCRIPTION: Has a uniform color, it fits the aesthetic in architecture design.

POLYCRYSTALLINE 156 MM/6”

  • COLOR: Dark Blue

  • EFFICIENCY: 14 ~ 17%

  • POWER: 3.41 ~ 4.14 Wp

  • DESCRIPTION: It gives a special outlook to the building.

Cells-Colors

The colors choice in BIPV module is a very important factor in architecture design.

 

We offer a wide range of color for our double-glazed BIPV module. It affects the aesthetic of building.

 

The lighter the color provides lower the efficiency.

 

 

 

Lower Encapsulant

EVA

The sheets of EVA (Ethyl Vinyl Acetate) are used to connect the solar cells through the lamination process with glass surface. This step provides the "encapsulated" solar module that is responsible for holding together the photovoltaic module and have a decisive bearing on life. The degree of chained EVA sheet after the lamination process is decisive for the quality indicator of the solar module.

 

An EVA sheet must guarantee insulation and protective effect throughout the life of the module. The films of poor quality can cause long-term discoloration, delamination or decomposition and, therefore, strongly impair the performance capability of the module in question. Solar Innova uses only high quality sheet of chains with a degree exceeding 85%, thus providing long lasting protection of cells.

PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral)

The sheets of PVB (Polyvinyl Butyral) are used to connect the solar cells through the lamination process with glass surface. This step provides the "encapsulated" solar module that is responsible for holding together the photovoltaic module and have a decisive bearing on life. The degree of chained PVB sheet after the lamination process is decisive for the quality indicator of the solar module.

 

An PVB sheet must guarantee insulation and protective effect throughout the life of the module. The films of poor quality can cause long-term discoloration, delamination or decomposition and, therefore, strongly impair the performance capability of the module in question. Solar Innova uses only high quality sheet of chains with a degree exceeding 85 %, thus providing long lasting protection of cells.

 

The PVB used as encapsulant meets the highest security requirements against breakage resistance offering a break of more than 20 N/mm2.

Float Glass

Float glass is a sheet of glass made by floating molten glass on a bed of molten metal, typically tin, although lead and various low melting point alloys were used in the past. This method gives the sheet uniform thickness and very flat surfaces.

 

It is transparent and offers a high visible light transmission and low UV radiation.

Tempered safety glass ESG with low-emissivity coating

The prestressing hot ESG tempered glass has a high mechanical strength, which property is obtained by heat treatment of the manufacturing process.

 

In case of breaking the glass fragments into lots of small pieces without sharp edges.

Low emissivity layer

Is a layer of particles sprayed with oxides and noble metals, especially silver, on one side of the glass that gives this special maintaining its reflective properties colorless.

 

Low emissivity glasses should always be used in Insulating Glass Unit (UVA) and treated her face in contact with air it oxidizes rapidly, deteriorating it both physical and aesthetic properties.

 

This low emissivity coating allows much solar shortwave radiation from the sun passes through the glass while reflecting most of the longwave radiation they produce, among other sources, heating systems, retaining this so the heat inside environments.

 

It is recommended for cold areas where it is necessary to maximize the heat generated inside and outside which comes from the sun and make maximum use of natural light.

 

One of its main applications is where glaze housing, in most cases, colorless transparent glazes used. When used in Insulated Glass units made of an outer solar control glass, colored or reflective also improves performance solar control by approximately 15%.

 

  • The value of heat transfer for units with an air chamber 12 mm wide, with normal glass, is K=2.8 W/m2K and Low E Glass K=1.8 W/m2K.

  • It is used exclusively as an interior glass Insulating Glass units, improving by 35% its thermal insulation.

  • Also helps to reduce the burden, solar radiation enters through the Insulating Glass.

  • In case of low emissivity glass is tempered, has the same features as the tempered glass without treating low emissivity affecting their properties.

  • In case of low emissivity glass is laminated, has the same characteristics as the glass laminate without treating low emissivity affecting their properties.

 

According insulation needs two types of low-emissivity glass:

  • In cold areas, the treated glass is placed into the building with special face to the air chamber Double Glazing. Thus, radiation of long wavelength (from heating, for example) reflected in the glazing, returning inward and reducing energy losses. The following table can be seen as the "U" value considerably improved over conventional glazing.

  • In warm areas, the treated glass is situated towards the outside of the building, with the treated side facing the air chamber Double Glazing. In this way it is possible to reduce transmission energy from the sun (heat) into the room, reducing the cost of air conditioning, climate, etc.

Laminated safety glass VSG with low-emissivity coating

VSG tempered glass has a high mechanical strength, which property is achieved by the heat treatment of the manufacturing process.

 

In case of breaking the glass fragments into lots of small pieces without sharp edges.

Low emissivity layer

Is a layer of particles sprayed with oxides and noble metals, especially silver, on one side of the glass that gives this special maintaining its reflective properties colorless.

 

Low emissivity glasses should always be used in Insulating Glass Unit (UVA) and treated her face in contact with air it oxidizes rapidly, deteriorating it both physical and aesthetic properties.

 

This low emissivity coating allows much solar shortwave radiation from the sun passes through the glass while reflecting most of the longwave radiation they produce, among other sources, heating systems, retaining this so the heat inside environments.

 

It is recommended for cold areas where it is necessary to maximize the heat generated inside and outside which comes from the sun and make maximum use of natural light.

 

One of its main applications is where glaze housing, in most cases, colorless transparent glazes used. When used in Insulated Glass units made of an outer solar control glass, colored or reflective also improves performance solar control by approximately 15%.

 

  • The value of heat transfer for units with an air chamber 12 mm wide, with normal glass, is K=2.8 W/m2K and Low E Glass K=1.8 W/m2K.

  • It is used exclusively as an interior glass Insulating Glass units, improving by 35% its thermal insulation.

  • Also helps to reduce the burden, solar radiation enters through the Insulating Glass.

  • In case of low emissivity glass is tempered, has the same features as the tempered glass without treating low emissivity affecting their properties.

  • In case of low emissivity glass is laminated, has the same characteristics as the glass laminate without treating low emissivity affecting their properties.

 

According insulation needs two types of low-emissivity glass:

  • Cold zones, the treated glass is placed into the building with special face to the air chamber Double Glazing. Thus, radiation of long wavelength (from heating, for example) reflected in the glazing, returning inward and reducing energy losses. The following table can be seen as the "U" value considerably improved over conventional glazing.

  • Warm areas, the treated glass is situated towards the outside of the building, with the treated side facing the air chamber Double Glazing. In this way it is possible to reduce transmission energy from the sun (heat) into the room, reducing the cost of air conditioning, climate, etc.

Glass-Design

We can costumize and design patterns for the back glass panel to meet the requirements of different architectural styles and transparency.

 

 

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Glass-Colors

Directly applied to the rear glass or translucent when applied to the intermediate layer.

 

PICTURE

NAME

HEXADECIMAL

RGB DECIMAL

CMYK

DECIMAL

Pure

(or mostly pure)

yellow

#ffff00

R: 255

G: 255

B: 0

C: 0

M: 0

Y: 1

K: 0

16776960

Pure

(or mostly pure)

orange

#ff9900

R: 255

G: 153

B: 0

C: 0

M: 0.4

Y: 1

K: 0

16750848

Pure

(or mostly pure)

red

#ff0000

R: 255

G: 0

B: 0

C: 0

M: 1

Y: 1

K: 0

16711680

Very

soft

lime

green

#a7e7a2

R: 167

G: 231

B: 162

C: 0.28

M: 0

Y: 0.3

K: 0.09

11003810

Moderate

lime

green

#5ec35c

R: 94

G: 195

B: 92

C: 0.52

M: 0

Y: 0.53

K: 0.24

6210396

Dark

moderate

lime

green

#428940

R: 66

G: 137

B: 64

C: 0.52

M: 0

Y: 0.53

K: 0.53

4360512

Light

grayish

blue

#d1e4ef

R: 209

G: 228

B: 239

C: 0.13

M: 0.05

Y: 0

K: 0.06

13755631

Very

soft

blue

#9ac5db

R: 154

G: 197

B: 219

C: 0.3

M: 0.1

Y: 0

K: 0.14

10143195

Soft

blue

#5a8bdb

R: 90

G: 139

B: 219

C: 0.59

M: 0.37

Y: 0

K: 0.14

5934043

Dark

moderate

blue

#456aa8

R: 69

G: 106

B: 168

C: 0.59

M: 0.37

Y: 0

K: 0.34

4549288

Dark

moderate

magenta

#a83fa3

R: 168

G: 63

B: 163

C: 0

M: 0.63

Y: 0.03

K: 0.34

11026339

Black

#000000

R: 0

G: 0

B: 0

C: 0

M: 0

Y: 0

K: 1

0

White

#ffffff

R: 255

G: 255

B: 255

C: 0

M: 0

Y: 0

K: 0

16777215

 

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  • mono-blackmono-black
  • mono-bluemono-blue
  • mono-greymono-grey
  • mono-transparentmono-transparent
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Insulation-Camera/s Air/Argon Gas (optional)

It provides thermal comfort by eliminating the effect of "cold wall" in the areas near the glazing and provides a reduction of condensation on the inside glass.

 

The separation between glass is defined by a spacer profile inside which a molecular sieve desiccant called stays. The tightness is guaranteed by a double perimeter barrier with organic sealants. The first seal is made with butyl on the aluminum profile, before assembly of the glass. The second and final is performed with polysulfide, once assembled glasses on the spacer profile.

 

By filling the chamber with an inert gas in the insulating glass is to optimize product features compared to the standard system with an air chamber getting so:

  • Better thermal insulation, the gases used have lower thermal conductivity than air.

  • A better sound insulation, as by the appropriate choice of the quantity and quality of the gaseous mixture with a suitable mounting system, the attainable improvement in sound insulation is about 3 dB.

  • A protection for the metallic layer of energy windows, and the fill, unlike air, is made with chemically pure gases or gas mixtures, in addition to a protective function metal layers coated glass.

 

Argon gas filling in the insulating glass meets the following criteria:

  • It is colorless, non-toxic and remain unchanged in the temperature range which is under the glazing.

  • Presents stability and chemical compatibility with the various components of insulating glass, due to the different fields of application of insulating glazing. Argon (noble gas) fulfills this function with a protective effect. Also, in order to prevent reactions with the spacer profiles, the desiccant material or sealants.

  • Presents adequate diffusion rate as the permeability of the system depends mainly on two factors: the diffusion rate of the sealant and gas solubility in organic compounds.

 

1 Chamber

2 Chambers

Junction Box

Electrical connections can be via the junction box rear or side connectors. In all cases the diodes required will be incorporated to protect the cells from overheating. These diodes, in principle, will be placed inside the laminate in order to gain flexibility in the location of the outer terminals designed to be placed in any profiles of conventional structural systems.

 

The junction box must have features of anti-aging and UV-resistance and have electrical resistance up to 1,000 V. It must satisfy with IP65 protection, the working temperature should be -40 to +85º C.

 

According to the module power status and requests for project design and aesthetic requirements, you can install different models of junction boxes.

 

If installed with frame exposed or semi-exposed frame, junction box be installed at the edge of the module.

 

If this is a concealed box can be installed in the back of the module is required.

Diodes

The shading of a cell can cause a reverse voltage on it. This cell thus consume power generated by the other in series, resulting in undesirable heating of the shaded cell. This effect, called hot spot will be greater the higher the radiation incident on the rest of the smaller cells and cell receiving that due to the shadow. In an extreme case the cell may be broken due to overheating.

 

The use of protective diodes or by-pass reduces the risk of heating of the shaded cells, limiting the current that can flow through them and thus preventing the breakage thereof.

 

All modules with a number of cells greater than or equal to 33 connected in series, manufactured by Solar Innova, are provided with protection diodes that are located at the junction boxes. In modules with fewer cells in series are not required the bypass diodes, as the hot spot effect does not reach the level of risk of rupture of the cells.

 

The replacement of bypass diodes should be performed only by a qualified competent photovoltaic after disconnecting the system module.

Cables

Our modules are fitted with flexible cables, symmetrical in length, with a diameter of copper section of 4 mm, weather resistant and have been specially designed and certified for use in our modules. Have high values ​​of electrical safety and fire resistance. Its insulation to weathering and UV rays ensures longevity of the installation. Furthermore, the wide range of temperature allows its application even in extreme climatic areas, preventing heat aging and therefore allowing a long life in the photovoltaic system. They have a high strength and a very low contact resistance, all designed to obtain minimum voltage drop losses and allows them to continue operating even in unfavorable conditions.

 

All our photovoltaic modules are supplied with cable assemblies in the box with the following features:

  • Length: 900 mm

  • Operating Temperature Range: -40 ~ +90º C

Connectors

Our PV modules are equipped with connectors and sockets MC-T3 or MC-T4 100 % compatible with the connectors and sockets used to connect electrical systems. Only MC-T3 or MC-T4 connector or compatible and special solar cables may be used to lengthen the cables connected to the module. These must meet the electrical requirements of the Interconnection design.

 

All our photovoltaic modules are supplied with assembled connectors on cables with the following features:

  • Diameter: Ø 4 mm

  • Maximum rated current: 30 A

  • Maximum system voltage: 1,000 Volts

  • Plugged Protection level: IP67

  • Mounting: easy

  • Locking system: Snap in

  • Protection Class: II

  • Operating Temperature Range: -40 ~ +90º C

 

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Sealed

PV modules require the use of silicone sealant high quality for bonding and sealing around panel and junction boxes of photovoltaic modules.

 

Silicone has excellent adhesion to most substrates used in the manufacture of photovoltaic modules and does not lose its flexibility in a wide temperature range so it offers perfect protection against the ingress of water into the laminate.

 

Fabricated with high efficiency. No chemical reactions with EVA or PVB material and PVF film protector ensures the chemical stability.

 

The silicone is applied in the grooves of the frame and the edge of the laminate so as to prevent any infiltration of gas or liquid that can erode the module. At the same time, elasticity serves as a protection against possible mechanical impacts during installation or handling.

Labels

This document describes data sheet and nameplate information for non-concentrating photovoltaic modules. The intent of this document is to provide minimum information required to configure a safe and optimal system with photovoltaic modules. In this context, data sheet information is a technical description separate from the photovoltaic module. The nameplate is a sign in durable construction at or in the photovoltaic module.

 

This document is used for identification and traceability at each stage of the production process as part of quality control.

 Production

1.- Cell Sorting

All photovoltaic cells undergo classification and grouping based on their intrinsic characteristics: color, size, performance, etc.

2.- Welding Cells

Once cells sorted and grouped according to their performance characteristics and voltage are welded the electrical terminals of each of the cells.

3.- Interconnection Cells

The welding of the cells is one of the essential steps of the manufacturing process of a solar module.

 

Solder the solar cells into strings of cells (strings) is made by connecting the front of a cell with the back of the next cell by metal strips that collect and conduct the electricity through the string or chain of photovoltaic cells.

 

The cell welding machines to weld Solar Innova cells and different types of dimensions (height, thickness, number of bus bars, monocrystalline or polycrystalline silicon).

4.- Layout

In front tempered glass is placed avoiding the deterioration of the photoelectric cells.

 

Then place the protective sheet EVA or PVB with which encapsulate the front of the cells.

 

Then proceeds to place strings sequentially all leaving the same space between each of them. Once all the strings they will be welded together.

 

Then placed next EVA or PVB protective sheet with which encapsulate the back of cells.

 

In back tempered glass is placed avoiding the deterioration of the photoelectric cells.

5.- Visual Inspection

The sandwich is subjected to a severe visual inspection for any fault prior to lamination.

6.- Lamination/Baked

The process consists of two phases: in the first phase the sandwich is introduced in a laminator at a temperature between +145º C and +155º C, with a pressure between 10.5-11.5 bar, for 70 minutes and later in a second stage the laminate is introduced in an autoclave (hot oven), sealed at a temperature between +145º C and + 155º C, with a pressure between 10.5-11.5 bar, for 4 hours, to form a compact unit and weather resistant, with the aim of sealing the different layers of the module by combining pressure and temperature, to protect the solar cells from the meteorological inclemencies during the lifetime of the photovoltaic module.

 

Once the sandwich is laminated and baked, the sandwich is allowed to cool to room temperature, then cut the leftover material (EVA or TPT) at the edges of the glass.

7.- ELCD Test-1

All our laminates are subjected to a test to see if there electroluminescence breaks in cells or chains.

8.- Mounting Junction Box

We proceed to place a silicone seal around the junction box, then proceed to the installation of the junction box with diodes, cables and connectors.

9.- Cleaning

All modules are subject to a thorough clean to prevent dirt from sticking together.

10.- Isolation Dielectric Test

All our modules undergo a series of tests of high voltage insulation.

11.- Flash Test

The test flash equipment is an essential quality control in a production line of solar modules.

All our modules are introduced into a solar simulator to test them through a voltmeter is found that the current-voltage curve is the correct module.

 

The flash test is a test to measure the output performance of a solar PV module and is a standard procedure at manufacturer’s to ensure the operability of each module. During a flash test the PV module is exposed to a short (1 ms to 30 ms), bright (100 mW per sq. cm) flash of light from a xenon filled arc lamp. The output spectrum of this lamp is as close to the spectrum of the sun as possible.

 

In order to ensure accuracy of measurement , we use a plane positioning module and perfectly oriented to flash illumination is uniform over the entire surface of the module.

 

The output is collected by a computer and the data is compared to a reference solar module. The reference data is geared to the power output calibrated to standard solar irradiation.

 

The results of the flash test are compared to the specifications of the PV modules datasheets and the data incorporated into flash reports and printed on the label on the module’s back.

 

These tests are performed to ensure the insulation between the strings or strings and the module frame.

12.- Labeling

Once the measurements taken each module will be labeled on the back with a clearly visible and indelible sticker where the data of the manufacturer, model and technical details of each module are reflected, all in accordance with the EN 50380:2003, information from the data sheets and nameplates for photovoltaic modules.

 

The modules are labeled on the rear part with a barcode containing a serial number traceable to the date of manufacture for identification.

 

13.- ELCD Test-2

All our modules are subjected to a test to see if there electroluminescence breaks in cells or chains.

14.- Packaging

Finally PV modules will be packaged so that no forces act that can cause breakage in its components.

 Supports

Linear mounting systems

Mullion-transom façades

Mullion-transom constructions consists of vertical mullions and horizontal transoms. The mullions transfer the main loads and the transoms act as horizontal bracing. The solar modules are set in this framework structure as fill elements. Clamping rails are fitted from the outside as linear fixings for the modules.

 

The circumferential profiles, however, can shade the solar modules and also result in the accumulation of dirt and snow. The module design should be adapted to take this shading into account. The costs for maintenance and cleaning should also be taken into account, if applicable, particularly for roofing applications.

 

The dimensions of the façade grid vary from project to project and customized solar modules are usually required.

 

Mullion-and-transom façades count as “warm” or thermally insulating façades. Consequently, not only must the profiles be thermally separated, but the U values of the fill elements must be correspondingly low. For this reason, PV modules are often integrated in a thermal insulation glazing structure.

 

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Structural sealant glazing (SSG)

With structural sealant glazing façades, the solar modules are fixed in place on a metal frame by means of circumferential load-transferring bonds. This produces façades with a homogeneous and smooth appearance. Furthermore, SSG façades have no external protruding parts, which means that shading and dirt traps are avoided.

Point-fixing systems

Particularly delicate designs can be achieved using point-fixed façade systems. Typical point-fixing systems are clamp fixings, drilled glass panes with drilled spot fixing, and undercut anchor fixing systems.

 

Although point-fixing systems cause hardly any shading in comparison to frame systems and are less prone to accumulating dirt, they can only be used with a few types of solar module.

 

Since holes drilled in glass must maintain a minimum offset from the edge of the pane and since drilled spot fixing always shade part of the module, the only solar modules that can be used here are those that allow cut-outs to be made in these areas in the module design and permit drilled panes to be used independently of the cell production.

 

Drilled spot systems

Drilled spot fixing are construction components that are used for point-fixing glass panes. They comprise two metal discs and a bolt that is inserted through a drilled cylindrical hole in the glass pane to connect the two discs. These circular pads must measure at least 50 mm in diameter and be offset from the edge of the glass by 12 mm.

 

 

 

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Clamp fixing

Clamp fixings are U-shaped brackets that fit around the edge of glass panes and dispense with the need to drill holes in the glass. The fixings must overlap the glass by at least 25 mm and the clamped area must be greater than 1,000 mm2.

Undercut anchor fixings

Undercut anchor fixings are mechanical point-fixings that remain invisible, since the glass is not drilled right through. This allows more efficient use of the PV surface area. These fixings generate higher stresses due the reduced contact area of their cylindro-conical drilled holes, which means that toughened glass, semi-tempered glass or laminated safety glass must be used.

Ventilated curtain wall systems

The function of the cladding of ventilated curtain wall systems) is to provide weather protection and to serve as an architectural design element. This outer cladding is fixed to a rear load-bearing wall using a fixing system (agraffes and/or rails).

 

A layer of air between the load-bearing wall (or the insulation layer attached to it) and the building envelope ventilates the solar modules from the rear and can be used for laying electrical components and sockets.

 

Many different types of material, such as plaster, ceramic tiles, bricks, glass or metal can be used for this kind of construction. Façades can thus be created using a wide variety of material combinations together with PV modules. Above all, ventilated curtain wall systems are taken into consideration in energy efficient façade renovation projects.

 

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 Applications

Facades

Integration of photovoltaic modules in buildings can be accomplished in many different ways and results in a wide range of solutions.

 

The facades provide a first glimpse of the building the visitor. It is the means often used by architects and designers to convey the idea of the building and the wishes of the customer through a language of forms and colors. If you are interested in designing a futuristic, sophisticated and green image, photovoltaic materials will help greatly.

 

Solar Innova modules integrated photovoltaic technology used in the BIPV installations are multifunctional. That is, in addition to generating electricity, also meet all the requirements demanded by conventional facades weather protection and acoustic agents, heat insulation. On the other hand, represent an innovation aesthetic character regarding conventional facades.

 

Currently we discern two types of plants on facade:

  • The first one is the integration of conventional PV modules already built a facade. Directly engage by traditional fastening systems, and is not necessary to provide the weather protection panel. With this rehabilitations are achieved dated obtaining also a business opportunity to integrate economically active element.

  • The second possible form of integration is to configure the building facade using photovoltaic modules as building material. The panels become an integral part of the structure of the building and as such, must provide the necessary strength characteristics and protect against external agents.

 

The fact that the photovoltaic modules can be used both with or without rear facades ventilation, such balustrades or attics, provides more freedom of design and allows attractive façade conducting surface at a uniform exterior finish.

 

Regarding the architectural design, the façade becomes a very neat and tidy, thanks to precision fit is achieved between the panels, a rare design difficult to achieve with other materials aesthetics.

 

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Rooftops

Our panels are integrated into many applications shaped glass roof.

 

Photovoltaic Solar Innova glasses are perfectly integrated into the buildings while preserving the aesthetics of them. This is thanks to the wide variety of possible configurations in size, color, transparency, shape, etc.

 

By incorporating rooftop existing levels of energy savings are achieved only reach new buildings.

 

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Skylights

With Solar Innova integration modules will get skylights create stunning effects in addition to adopting a remarkable feeling of space, to add natural light and ventilation to any room.

 

Serve as thermal cover semitransparent solar protection against glare and weather as well as providing a selective use of natural light. Large areas with optimized tilt angles also ensure high solar yields.

 

Skylights Solar Innova help you achieve extraordinary results in any building, stunning spaces and environments with a strong visual. The use of skylights BIPV systems also provides a touch of exclusivity and elegance.

 

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Balcony

Photovoltaic balconies allowed to take full advantage of this part of the surface of an apartment or a building exposed to sunlight and at the same time, are a way to improve their appearance.

 

It is often characterized by an exceptional elegance, for which they become architectural elements that try to emphasize instead of hiding the cells that produce energy.

 

The photovoltaic module is a component element of the bottom of the balcony railing. We use photovoltaic laminate safety glass having the same physical and structural characteristics than a traditional panel, but with almost unlimited design possibilities, applicable to both new buildings and balconies and balconies of apartments or existing buildings.

 

To make the balconies and balustrades we use transparent photovoltaic glass or semi-transparent colored cells, typically mono or polycrystalline. These have an irregular texture which usually improves the visual appearance of the terrace.

 

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Greenhouses

The greenhouses are enclosures in which temperature, humidity and other environmental factors are kept help to promote agricultural crops. They are always located in open areas where they receive large amounts of direct solar radiation.

 

The greenhouses commonly used in agriculture, have an arc section and are located longitudinally north-south to reduce excessive radiation during mid-day. The overall result in a cultivation system is characterized by an optimal temperature profile avoiding peaks that may be harmful.

 

Solar Innova greenhouses are calculated and constructed to resist both the weight of its own roof with photovoltaic modules and other loads such as rain, wind and snow.

 

The metallic structure in Solar Innova greenhouses is obtained by repeating a base module whose floor and elevation dimensions have been designed specifically so that the installation of the photovoltaic system is completely fit. Its crystal and metal structure is perfect for the integration of solar panels and from an aesthetic point of view it does not have any impact in the surrounding environment.

 

We have several possibilities to meet different needs:

  • Multi-shed roof: This structure is specially indicated for large surfaces, it avoids diminishing the greenhouse effect and brings the possibility of producing electricity, maximizing the productivity of crops.

  • One-side roof: This model allows the total coverage of the surface for the installation of the photovoltaic system and, therefore, it permits to obtain a great production of electricity.

  • Shed roof: Similar to the previous one but with one of the sides of the cover without covering to allow greater luminosity in case it is necessary for the crops.

 

The reasons for the installation of a solar greenhouse are:

  • Aesthetic value.

  • Total integration.

  • Harnessing surfaces.

  • Improvement in the production of crops.

  • Clean energy production.

  • Reduction of CO2 emissions.

 

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Carports

Solar Innova as developed a solution consisting of Photovoltaic Parking structure where an installation of photovoltaics guarantees on-site energy generation.

 

The design is based on a parking module for two cars with integrated photovoltaic on the cover 8º inclined with respect to horizontal, with variable azimuthal orientation relative to the depending on the specific needs of the field where it is located.

 

The aesthetic sense of this solution seeks maximum possible energy production and maximum protection from adverse conditions, such as rain, snow or wind weather.

 

The cover has a minimum slope, able to smoothly evacuate rainwater or snow and that also is versatile in any orientation.

 

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Walls

Photovoltaics is expanding into new market segments.

 

One promising approach is the exploitation of the potential of integrating photovoltaic modules in noise barriers. The photovoltaic noise barriers (PVNB), as they are commonly referred to, enable effective noise abatement to be combined with the simultaneous production of renewable energy.

 

Integration of PV modules into sound barriers along motorways and railways is a interesting alternative to building integration. Photovoltaic noise barriers (PVNB) along motorways and railways today permit one of the most economic applications of grid-connected PV with the additional benefits of large scale plants and no extra land consumption. Just as in the case of buildings, no land área is consumed and the supporting structure is already in place.

 

Traffic noise has been recognised by the World Health Organization as a major factor contributing to environmental pollution. Besides causing annoyance, it has significant negative health impacts on populations living close to road infrastructure.

 

Besides helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere, adoption of PVNB carries a range of other positive economic, social and environmental benefits.

 

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Pergolas

Photovoltaic solar pergolas are an alternative way to replace the materials traditionally used in construction to generate shadows.

 

One of the great advantages of photovoltaic glass BIPV Solar Innova is acting as a filter for ultraviolet and infrared radiation, both harmful to health, in addition to providing buildings clean and free energy from the sun.

 

These facilities have several aspects:

  • Help raise awareness of citizenship transmitting the commitment to the use and promotion of renewable energies.

  • The integration of renewable energies in urban areas.

  • Capitalize unused areas.

  • Demonstrate that this rational energy use can be made profitable economically.

 

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Cornices

 

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 Downloads

Catalogue

Manual for BIPV projects